Is chocolate really a key of happiness? It may be for us! However, it is extremely dangerous for our four-legged friends!
We all know that dogs tend to eat everything unlike cats. And especially in special days such as Christmas, Valentine’s Day and Easter, they are facing with the sweet, tasty and poisonous problem: CHOCOLATE.
In the cocoa bean, coffee and tea there is a substance called Methylxanthin. So not just cocoa; tea and coffee are also toxic to our animal friends. This substance is also used in certain medications such as diuretics, blood vessel expanders and asthma medications. For doping purposes, it can sometimes be misused in animals.
Theobromin (3,7-Dimethylxanthin), which is found in cocoa beans, cannot be properly metabolized by dogs. So; it can be fatal even when consumed in small amounts.
Although the lethal dose is specified as 100-200 mg/kg, some poisoning symptoms may be observed at lower doses.
|Type of Chocolate|
|The dose at which poisoning symptoms begin||Life threatening dose|
|White chocolate||Contains no Theobromin|
|Milk chocolate (25-30%)||1,5- 2 mg/g||from 10 gr/kg||from 30 gr/kg|
|Dark Chocolate||5-8 mg/g||from 0,5 gr/kg||from 1,5 gr/kg|
|Cooking chocolate||14-16 mg/g||from 1,3 gr/kg||from 4 g/kg|
|Cacao powder||14-26 mg/g||from 0,7 g/kg||from 2,5 g/kg|
|%70 Bitter chocolate||20 mg/g||from 1 g/kg||from 3 g/kg|
|%90 Bitter chocolate||26mg/g||from 0,7 g/kg||from 2,5 g/kg|
|Raw cacao||18-35 mg/g||from 0,5 g/kg||from 1,5g/kg|
The first symptoms start within 2-4 hours when your dog suddenly eats a big amount of chocolate. If untreated, death can occur within 18-24 hours.
Continuous intake of a small amount of chocolate for several days can lead to heart failure in your dog.
If your dog ate chocolate, you should go to your veterinarian as soon as possible. The sooner the chocolate is removed from the body, the more chance your dog will recover.
Do not try to treat your dog or cat at home and don’t give any food or water before you go to your veterinarian.
Your veterinarian will treat your dog/cat according to the severity of poisoning symptoms.
Because the substance contained in the chocolate can be absorbed from the bladder and mixed back into the bloodstream, it will be beneficial for your dog to urinate frequently.
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